Posted by Kahla Livelsberger in #YHSafetyTips, Apr 19, 2017
What is CPR
CPR stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. It is the manual way to do chest compressions and ventilations to a person that is in sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). When a person is in SCA it means their heart stops suddenly and they are not getting any oxygen to their brain. You only have a few minutes to restore or they could die.
Why do we do CPR
Medically, when a person is in SCA, it means they are dead but they still have a chance at survival, which is where CPR comes in. The reason we do CPR is to keep the brain alive by pumping blood to their brain and vital organs. It is crucial to do this immediately because within 4-6 minutes they could have permanent brain damage. After 10 minutes, the brain is dead. Because of this, it is very important to start CPR as soon as possible.
Before you begin CPR
You want to be sure that the environment is safe for you and the person receiving CPR. You will want to check to see if they are conscious or not. If they are not conscious then you want to have someone call 911 immediately and begin CPR.
-4 out of 5 cardiac arrest happen at home
-Less than 8% of people who go in to cardiac arrest outside of the hospital survive
-By preforming CPR on someone who needs it, you can double and even triple their chance at survival
-Only 32% of bystanders preform CPR on those who need it
-Even if you have no training and just simply compress the center of the chest hard and fast, and give rescue breathes you can save a life
A CPR certification is when someone passes a CPR course, both written and the skills test, in front of a certified instructor. There are many ways you can become CPR certified. You can schedule a class with someone who is certified in your area. Most of the time if you have a group of people at your place of work they will come to you and train you. The training can take a few hours and requires a skills test and a written test. A few places you could call to find a certification course are:
-EMS Safety Services
-American Heart Association
-American Red Cross
-National Safety Council
-Emergency Care and Safety Institute (ESCI)
-Health and Safety Institute (HSI)
How to give CPR
While giving CPR, remember to spell "C.A.B." (Compression, Airway, Breathing). It helps you remember the steps in order.
1. Call 911. Make sure the victim’s body is on a flat surface.
2. Check for breathing
3. Do chest compressions (about 30) at a rate of 100 beats per minute. This can be achieved by doing the compressions to the beat of the song “Stayin’ Alive” by the Bee Gees Make sure your hands are in the center of the chest between the nipples. Keep your elbows straight and above your hands. Use your upper body weight and push down about 2 inches into the chest.
4. Open the victim’s airway by tilting their chin back. Remember that gasping is not normal breathing.
5. Give 2 breaths in the victims mouth while holding their nose. Make sure you take no more than 10 seconds to make breaths.
6. Repeat until help arrives
All employees and coworkers should be CPR certified. If you are not certified remember that it is better to do something than nothing at all. You could simply do chest compressions until help arrives.
If you didn't read last week’s post on Electrical Safety, check it out here.