Hook Safety

Posted by Kahla Livelsberger in #YHSafetyTips, Mar 14, 2018

Inspecting the Hook
Hook inspections are to be done daily by the user. OSHA requires them to be inspected at least once a year. Misusing or not inspecting your hooks can cause a lot of damage. Do not overload the hook and make sure you are using them correctly to prevent damage.

Things to look for when inspecting your hook.
-Check for cracks and twisting of the hook
-Check the safety latch for signs of opening
-Check if the safety latch is broken or isn't staying in place
-Check the saddle for signs of wear




How to Load the Hook
When lifting, you want to be sure your load is properly placed on the saddle to prevent tip loading. Do not "side pull." You need to lift your load vertically.

What is tip loading?
Tip loading is when the load is not sitting in the saddle of the hook. That puts unwanted pressure on the hook and causes it to overload and can do some serious damage to the hook.



What is side pulling?
Side pulling is when the load is not directly under the hoist and it moves horizontally when being lifted. Your load must be directly under your hoist when lifting.

Is a safety latch required?
Yes, a safety latch is required by OSHA. If the safety latch is damaged, it needs replaced right away.

What happens to the hook when you don't load correctly?
The hook can twist and stretch and become unusable. Extreme saddle wear will occur when using a lifting device continually when its metal on metal vs a lifting device such as nylon.



OSHA STANDARDS

"Hooks shall meet the manufacturer's recommendations and shall not be overloaded."

1910.179(h)(4)

"Hooks with deformation or cracks. Visual inspection daily; monthly inspection with a certification record which includes the date of inspection, the signature of the person who performed the inspection and the serial number, or other identifier, of the hook inspected. For hooks with cracks or having more than 15 percent in excess of normal throat opening or more than 10° twist from the plane of the unbent hook refer to paragraph (l)(3)(iii)(a) of this section."

1910.179(j)(2)(iii)

"Crane hooks showing defects described in paragraph (j)(2)(iii) of this section shall be discarded. Repairs by welding or reshaping are not generally recommended. If such repairs are attempted they shall only be done under competent supervision and the hook shall be tested to the load requirements of paragraph (k)(2) of this section before further use."

1910.179(l)(3)(iii)(a)




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