Posted by Matt Bushey in #YHSafetyTips, Nov 01, 2017
Loading Dock Safety
Loading docks are a hazardous place where proper inspections, usage, and rules must be followed every time a load is loaded or unloaded from a trailer. Failure to do so can result in injuries, death, damage to product, and/or equipment.
Hazards: Injuries happen here when forklifts run off the dock, products fall on employees, or equipment strikes a person.
- Drive forklifts slowly on docks and dock plates
- Secure dock plates and check to see if the plate can safely support the load
- Keep clear of dock edges and never back up forklifts to the dock’s edge
- Park trucks in dock with e-brake on and/or wheel-chocks secured.
- Provide visual warnings near dock edges
- Prohibit “dock jumping” by employees
- Make sure that dock ladders and stairs meet OSHA specifications
- Go through a checklist of dock safety inspections prior to loading or unloading trailers.
Inspecting the forklift is very important. YorkHoist can get your forklift inspected and can even get you a discount! See our Guardian Assurance Packages here.
OSHA requires that every forklift operator be trained and certified to operate the forklift. This certification must be evaluated every three years. You will also need to have a license to drive the forklift and authorization from your employer.
When operating the forklift at speed:
- Watch out for potential hazards including but not limited to: tipping caused by driving too fast and collision with pedestrians or obstacles
- Be aware of travel conditions along your planned route
- Do not operate the truck at a speed that will prevent stopping in time
- Slow down on wet and slippery floors
- Look in the direction that you are traveling and keep a clear view of your path
- When approaching cross isles and other locations where vision is obstructed, slow down and sound your horn to notify others that you are there
- Reduce speed when approaching turns so that you can proceed safely. Turn the wheel with a smooth, sweeping motion
- Drive the truck so that the load is upgrade on all hills in excess of 10 percent (incline or decline)
- Avoid running over loose objects on the roadway surface
- Use extreme caution when backing up or reversing. Reversing can increase the chances of an accident.
- Come to a complete stop when changing directions and be aware of all things surrounding you so that you do not collide with a pedestrian, other vehicle, or a nearby object
Read more about forklift safety here.
Missed last week’s blog post on Waste Disposal? Click here to read it.