Posted by Kahla Livelsberger in #YHSafetyTips, May 16, 2018
The past few weeks we have covered some regulation topics including Cranes, Below the Hook Devices, and Fall Protection. If you were at our open houses the past two weeks, you may have taken one of our #YHSafetyTips Challenges on one of these regulations. This week we are going to do a "wrap up" on these popular safety topics.
Frequency of Inspections
-Before they are up and running
-When they are relocated
-If the are just installed
-Need to be inspected daily to annually depending on OSHA
Inspections are to be performed daily by the worker before use:
-Make sure your crane is in working order and there is no "out of order" sign
-Make sure you check all of your control device and that everything is going in the right direction
-Make sure you check the brakes. Be sure the stopping distances are how they should be
-Make sure your hook for your crane has a working hook latch
-Make sure your wire ropes or load chains pass inspection
-Make sure you check that your wire rope is properly reeved
-Make sure the limit switches are working properly
-Make sure there is no oil leaking
-Make sure you check out any unusual sounds
-Make sure you have your warning lables on
All cranes must be inspected every 12 months by a qualified inspector:
-Check the whole crane, including the boom and the jib
-Check everything for cracks and corrosion
-Check the bolts, fastners, and the rivets
-Check the sheaves and the drums
-Check the Gas and electric
-Check the electrical components
-Hydraulic & pneumatic hoses, fittings, and tubing
-Check the brakes and clutch system parts, lining, pawls, and ratchets
-Check the safety devices
-Check the chains
-Check the Travel steering and locking devices
-Check the warning labels
-Check the steps, ladders, guardrails
All YorkHoist inspectors meet and exceed OSHA, ANSI, CMMA, and CCAA requirements.
BELOW THE HOOK REGULATIONS
A visual inspection is performed by a qualified inspector who records the current condition of the below-the-hook lifter in order to provide the basis for a continuing program of recorded evaluation. Dated reports for periodic inspections shall be maintained.
Normal use - annual inspection typically performed on-site.
Heavy use - disassembly by a qualified individual should be performed semi-annually to facilitate a detailed inspection.
Severe use - disassembly by a qualified individual should be performed quarterly to facilitate a detailed inspection.
Special or infrequent use - outlined as specified by a qualified individual prior to and following each use.
Any lifter that has been idle for a period of one year or more shall undergo a periodic inspection prior to use
How do I know if my lifting devices are OSHA compliant?
Make sure that all of the following information is clearly marked on your lifting device:
-Manufacturer's name and address
-Unique serial number
-Lifter weight, if over 100 lbs (45 kg)
-Cold current amps (when applicable)
-Rated voltage (when applicable)
-ASME BTH-1 design category
-ASME BTH-1 service class
FALL PROTECTION REGULATIONS
Rails and Toe Boards
-Every floor hole that a worker can accidentally fall into must be protected by a rail and toe board, or a floor hole cover
-Every floor or runway that is 4 ft or higher must be protected by a guardrail and toe board
-If your facility contains dangerous machines or equipment that a worker could accidentally fall into, it must be protected by a guardrail and toe board regardless of height
Safety Harnesses and Nets
-Harnesses are required when a worker will be 6 ft or higher
-Nets are required when a worker will be 25 feet or higher, or when the use of other fall protection is impractical
OSHA requires that all employers
-Provide working conditions that are free of known dangers
-Keep floors in work areas clean and in sanitary condition
-Select and provide required personal protective equipment at no cost to workers
-Train workers about job hazards in a language they can understand
We hope you are more knowledgable after reading a summary on these regulations. Keep an eye out for the challenges in your email. We will be sending them out soon so you can test your knowledge! Not apart of our email list, click here to sign up. If you haven't read last week's post on Painting Safety, read it here.